Coronary Artery Disease- All you need to know !!

Coronary Artery Disease- All you need to know !!

Cardiac disorders are one of the most common ailments. They are the leading cause behind increased mortality rate all over the world. Approximately, 17.7 million people die across the globe due to cardio-vascular disorders. This is highly attributed by sedentary lifestyle habits including lack of physical exercise and poor eating habits.

One of the most common heart disease is coronary artery disease (CAD). This is accounted for approximately 23.5% of deaths per year internationally. Fortunately, the coronary artery disease is successfully handled by the best cardiac surgeons in India

 

What is coronary artery disease?

This is a heart condition in which blood flow to the heart is impaired due to blockage and narrowing of arteries that carry blood to the heart. The blockage is caused by deposition of cholesterol, fats and other substances along on the walls of the arteries. This process is known as arteriosclerosis.

Signs and symptoms

 

  1. Chest pain or chest discomfort - this may include

       - Chest tightness

        - Chest Heaviness

        - Chest Burning

        - Chest Squeezing

These symptoms may be confused with indigestion.

  1. Shortness of breath- this happens when the heart is not able to pump enough blood (carrying oxygen to the body). This can be a significant sign of heart disease if the patient has shortness of breath even in relaxed state or on minimal physical exertion.

  2. Irregular heart rate- if you notice that your heart is beating too fast or beating at an irregular pace, it is time to see the doctor, as it might be a sign of CAD.

  3. Raised blood pressure- narrowing of the arteries often lead to high blood pressure. You must get a check up done if you experience high blood pressure.

  4. Pain in arms and shoulders

  5. Back pain

  6. Jaw pain

  7. Sweating and dizziness


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