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Blood cancer affects the production and function of our blood cells.
Mostly this cancer grows in our Bone Marrow where blood is produces.
Blood Cancer categorizes into three types:
- Leukemia – a type of cancer of the blood and Bone Marrow caused by rapid production of abnormal white blood cells. These immature cells can’t fight infections and they damage the ability of bone marrow to produce red blood cells and platelets.
- Lymphoma- a type of blood cancer that affects lymphatic system which removes extra fluid from our body and produces immune cells. Lymphoma can develop in many parts of our body including our bone marrow, spleen and other organs etc.
- Myeloma – a type of blood cancers that affect white blood cells (called plasma cells). Myeloma cells prevent the normal production of antibodies and weaken our body’s immune system.
Symptoms of Blood Cancer
- Loss of appetite and weight.
- Severe pain in joints and bones.
- Bleeding from the gums or nose and blood in the stool or urine.
- Pneumonia accompanied by headache, fever, mouth sore and skin rashes.
- Anemia accompanied by fatigue and pale skin.
- Swollen lymph nodes in the throat and armpit.
Procedures of Blood Cancer
The treatment of blood cancer depends on type of cancer cells, treatment options include:
- Chemotherapy – It uses drugs to kill cancer cells in the blood and bone marrow.
It is done through an injection or pill.
- Radiation – It uses high energy x-rays to kill blood cancer cells or stop them from growing.
- Stem Cells or Bone Transplant –It replaces the blood cancer in the bone marrow with new ones that makes blood.